other ideas of hospital:
BAU446 Fuding Hospital

Fuding City, Fujian Province, China





General hospital


Fuding City, Fujian Province, China




Under construction


Fuding Hospital


24 hour quaternary, tertiary, and acute care. Emergency, surgery, maternity, intensive care, advanced diagnostic and laboratory services, obstetrics and pediatrics, teaching and research, infectious diseases, and rehabilitation

other ideas of hospital

Fuding is situated in a narrow valley close to the sea in the northern Fujian province. The site overlooks the Fuding River, which forms the civic and circulatory spine of the city.

The city has outgrown its existing health-care facilities and has elected to build a new 4000 bed comprehensive city hospital. The hospital will provide 24 hour quaternary (advanced tertiary), tertiary, and acute care. This includes: emergency services, surgery, maternity, intensive care, infectious diseases, advanced diagnostic and laboratory services, obstetric and pediatric services, teaching and research, and rehabilitation departments.

the rigid institution
Contemporary hospitals are complex programs that, by their very nature are expensive to build. They also need to change and grow rapidly in order to accommodate the continuously changing communities they serve. Consequently, even well planned and well organized buildings can struggle to accommodate shrinking budgets and an increasing rate of change and growth. They quickly become badly planned and dis-organised buildings surrounded by negative space left-over after constant change. This bad planning and dis-organisation ultimately leads to a loss of legibility, functionality, and finally, efficiency.

a flexible territory
the hospital as a landscape

This project is not a rigid institution surrounded by negative space. The entire site is seen as a landscape consisting of two elements: open space and buildings – each as important as the other. These elements explore two cultural ideas: Firstly, a landscape that protects and frames the hospital at its edges, an interface that acts as a filter between the hospital and the city. Secondly, a landscape of objects (the hospital buildings) and clear and positive outdoor spaces (outdoor rooms) between the objects. Like the buildings themselves, these outdoor rooms are placed on the main axes of the hospital and contain programs that spill out of the adjacent hospital departments and become integral parts of the architectural program.

the hospital as a city
Rather than being seen as a big building, BAU saw this hospital as a small city. Consequently, the prime focus of the project’s urban design is legibility and the capacity to absorb growth and change without losing that legibility. The clearest and most minimal urban design gesture is used to order development of the entire site. A colonnade and an arcade, based on the Cardo Maximus and Decumanus Maximus first adopted by Roman city makers, become the two clear and contradistinctive formal and spatial urban elements.

The colonnade focuses on the river to the south-east and the existing city to the north-west. It explores the ideas of rhythm and repetition and is constructed of brick. It marches across building facades and is a clearly self-contained structure. The arcade focuses on the mountain to the north-east and the lake to the south-west. It explores the idea of a roofed street, and is constructed with minimal structure and fabric. It encloses the space between buildings and has an abstracted-sky ceiling. Like users of a well designed city, these urban elements will constantly remind users of this hospital of where they are within the building and their relationship to the outside.

All other programs are placed in separate department buildings, which are then attached to one or both of these major urban elements. Importantly, these department buildings have been designed to allow for growth vertically and at least in one direction in plan.

the hospital as a machine for making you well

The department buildings are ‘machines-for-making-you-well’. The architecture is focused on being well built and durable; rational and functional planning; excellent natural light and ventilation, and minimising heat gain and heat loss.

The expression of the horizontal stacking of programs by spandrels of varying thicknesses refers to the strata evident in the excavations in the local geology. Each of the department buildings has been allocated a different colour and this colour is used to highlight the horizontal sun protection fins on the strata facades. These minimal but strong and clear gestures give the architecture an honesty and cost effectiveness.

The interior design for the hospital further engages with this strength and clarity. Firstly, the arcade and the colonnade are clearly visible as three-dimensional objects onto which the various department buildings are attached. The walls of the department buildings in these spaces are the external elevations of the building brought into the interior. The colours nominated for each of the departments become the ceiling colours and run throughout each of the buildings. At points of communication and for reasons of way-finding, this colour turns down the walls to embrace lift entrances, department entrances, and at signage.

the rational and the irrational making you well
This project will be durable, well built and cost effective.

This hospital as a city will also be able to absorb change and grow in the future to reflect the changing and growing community it serves, while remaining well planned, well organized and efficient.

However, it is not just these rational issues that have been addressed. The small scale sensory things have also been considered. The ease of use, the constant glimpses of the river, the quality of the natural light and shade, the fresh air, the indoor-outdoor spaces, the use of colour and materials, the familiar small city quality of the pubic spaces – all these irrational things, will add joy to the lives of all the users of the building – the staff, the patients, and the visitors.

Private Landscapes






Public Landscapes



Structures & Pavillions











Urban Design








Mixed Use









































an excessive minimalism:
BAU478-A U-Park Incubator, Shang Qing Huai, Nanjing

more Piazza Navona than Levittown
BAU618 Tianyou Experimental Primary School and Kindergarten, Suzhou

clarity and unpredictable adjacencies:
BAU119 Jinqiao Sports & Leisure Centre

landscape, urbanity, networks, the suitcase, and the paper-bag:
BAU592 Qingpu Zhaoxiang Sports Park, Supermarket + Hotel

more than a frozen moment:
BAU659 ZOOM OASIS, Linkong Perimeter Super Block

look! up in the sky!
BAU210 Shanghai Hongxuan Office Building

Made in China, no question – Invented in China, of course:
BAU588 You-Du R+D Development, Jinqiao, Shanghai

a hybrid infrastructure:
BAU679 Yuandang Bridge

large plains, small grains, and the in-between:
BAU686 Longgang Arts Centre, Shenzhen

on reflection:
BAU674 Qingpu Performing Arts Centre

Place, typologies, programs, and public life:

more than just a technopolis:
BAU206 Hangzhou Xiasha New City Centre

a second network embracing history, smalllness, and complexity:
BAU193 Chengdu West New District

a park for everyone and everyone in their park:
BAU189 Hongqiao Park

disorder – not randonmness but beyond order:
BAU182 Chengdu East Village

mosaics of teaching, networks of learning:
BAU149 Huai’an Tertiary Education District

walled cities within a walled city:
BAU147 Xi’an High-Tech Precinct CBD

co-existence without incompatibility:
BAU138 Jiangxi Xinyu Networks City

space-time conflict:
BAU544 Shanghai University Campus

clarity and unpredictable adjacencies:
BAU119 Jinqiao Sports & Leisure Centre

Journeys AND destination, not just destinations:
BAU569 Nanjing Youfu West Street Primary School

continuous loops and internal courts:
BAU603 Suzhou kindergarten no. 3

weaving and stitching:
BAU616 Jiangyin Greenway Loop (stage 1. Eastern Segment)

a constructed and cultured topography:
BAU269 Jindi Green Land Club

it takes a village to educate a child:
BAU602 Suzhou Sci-tech City Xizhu Kindergarten

city typologies, cultural traditions, contemporary theories, and spaceships:
BAU600 Shanghai Qingpu Newtown 30-class Primary School

artificial plateau:building more site:
BAU599 Shanghai Qingpu Newtown 24-Class Junior High school

it is the least we could do: minimalism in an environment of expressionism
BAU584 Hangzhou Tonglu Office Building

more Piazza Navona than Levittown
BAU618 Tianyou Experimental Primary School and Kindergarten, Suzhou

classrooms AND the in-between: teaching and learning beyond the classroom
BAU610 Taizhou School

other institutions for this new century:
BAU604 Qingpu District People’s Court

building the unfinished:
BAU003M The Victorian Pride Centre

minimal AND maximal:
BAU583 Exhibition Pavilion Gaochun, Nanjing

small in scale large in monumentality:
BAU027 Wyndham Mausoleum

multiple rooms of difference:
BAU253 Shanghai Qingpu Renheng Yunjie Entrance Garden

active cultural edges, passive natural centres:
BAU402 Shanghai Qingpu Qin Yuan Lake Park

intimate, cool, sheltered and lively:
BAU268 Xinqiao Commercial Street + Shop Housing

formal teaching and informal learning:
BAU540 Gaochun New District Kindergaten to Year Nine School

an exercise in robustness:
BAU333 Jiangyin Huifu Office Tower

effortless complexity: learning from water-town:
BAU222-2 Shanghai Qingpu Zhujiajiao Commercial

no longer but not only:
BAU213-3 Jindi Yunhu Market

actualizing the virtual:
BAU 213-2 Jindi Yunhu Sports and Activity Center

geometry, history, art, craft, iconography, and pragmatics: an exploration of intention, coding, narrative, and meaning
BAU021 Olinda Green + Public WC

there is a crack in everything, that’s how the light gets in:
BAU015 Jan Juc House, Victoria, Australia

BAU009 house in the sky

surreal adjacencies:
BAU019 Marymount Residence, Guest Accommodation, Stable + Office

mini-city of culture:
BAU590 Nanjing Pukou Haiqiao Community Service Center

keeping a low profile:
BAU 214 Suzhou Qingshan Hotel Phase I

positive space, human scale, and a blue-green net:
BAU213-1 Jindi Yunhu Housing

dis-integrated guest houses :
BAU495 Pine Pillow Retreat

don’t look at me, don’t look at me:
BAU436 Nanjing Jiangning Demonstration Kindergarten

new buildings, old topography:
BAU424 Suzhou Qingshan Hotel Phase 2

defining the perimeter, programming the centre, inhabiting them both:
BAU238 Town Plaza, Xinqiao, Jiangyin

turning outside-in:
BAU199-2 Wuxi Fudi Forte Parktown Sales Pavilion

beyond PODS, networks, and nodes:
BAU552 Chengbei Urban Design project, Nanjing

podium and bill(ding)board:
BAU547 Nanjing Yaxi Town Central Hospital

inner sanctuary, outer crust:
BAU546 Nanjing Gaochun Qiqiao Hospital

an excessive minimalism:
BAU478-A U-Park Incubator, Shang Qing Huai, Nanjing

a plane of reference:
BAU474 Nanjing Zijin Gaochun Science and Technology City

rips in the fabric by place:
BAU461 Nanjing Tangshan Tourist Resort South District

other ideas of hospital:
BAU446 Fuding Hospital

architecture AND terrain:
BAU445 Suzhou Hi-tech District Cultural Center

crust: in-between and on the edge
BAU426 Shaoxing Jianhu Keyan Tourist Resort Planning

eco urbanism:
BAU425 Chongqing Eco Valley City

BAU348 Kunshan Hyper Complex

beyond the picturesque:
BAU347 Kunshan White Pagoda Park

don’t just re-use the typology, improve it!
BAU310 Hangzhou Changbanxiang Housing

building a community not just housing:
BAU302 Shanghai Ludi Baoshan

upside down program – ‘private’ circulation becoming ‘public’ circulation:
BAU254 Shanghai Wai Gao Qiao Culture Centre

extra-large private space as public space:
BAU199 Parktown, Housing, Fudi Forte, Wuxi

BAU197 Jindi Sanlin Pavilion

BAU191 Wuhan Cuiwei Housing

urban camouflage:
BAU227 Hangzhou Sports Centre

the resort at the end of the yellow dirt road:
BAU543 Emerald Village at Soul Bay

critical regionalism and abstraction:
BAU487 Nanjing Yaxi Citta-Slow

hospital for the ill, health care for the healthy, aged care for the elderly: BAU469 Zhaoxiang Hospital

tear open the package: BAU247 Qingpu NGS Supermarket

urban sponge:
BAU324 Cixi Commercial and Culture Center

lyrical islands in pragmatic seas:
BAU530-1 Nanjing Gaochun Transport Interchange – Stage One

fractured enormity:
BAU281 Chongqing Huarun

ring roads AND peripheral parks:
BAU243 Shanghai Ring Park

simple box OR 3 points in space – you choose:
BAU204-2 Ningbo Wanda Office

many utopias:
BAU129 Xinhu Pearl City Housing Development

a close family:
BAU125 Zhejiang Power Company HQ

stretching, squeezing, bending, trimming:
BAU550 Huanglong Xigu Urban Design

BOTH networks AND objects:
BAU497 Wyndham Cove Eco Sub-urb

ethics, democracy, difference:
BAU470 Towards a Socially Sustainable Canberra

warp and woof:
BAU460 Jingzhou Museum

sustainable technologies for clean living:
BAU396 Nanjing Residential

network of learning:
BAU341 Yushanwan School

not in galleries, but a way of seeing:
BAU338 Jingqiao Ramp Restaurant

shopping sandwich:
BAU321 Jiangyin Wuxing Commercial Centre

celebrating the collective, the intimate, the sustainable, and the local:
BAU312 Suzhou School

21st century Ponte Vecchio:
BAU287 Shanghai 2010 World Expo Bridge

antidote: not another ghetto city:
BAU285 Chengdu North Central

at last …finally …some diversity:
BAU282 Jindi Sanlin Office

recycling and beyond
BAU264 Shanghai Jiashan Market

an assemblage of difference:
BAU256 Shanghai Hongqiao Performing Arts Center

streets as shelters, bars as amphitheaters, landscapes as playgrounds:
BAU235 Jinqiao Community Bars

reduce, reuse, recycle:
BAU220 Shanghai Sculpture Space

binary oppositions defining a field of operation – all we wanted was a park:
BAU122 Xiamen International Exhibition Centre

the hotel as microcosm of the city:
BAU018 Marque Hotel

…very strange:
BAU016 Penny Lane

the beautiful and the extraordinary:
BAU013 Hopetoun Bush Resort

a dynamic yet stable vehicle:
BAU510 Suzhou Tram Co. Headquarters

BAU486A Docklands Park, Yangtze River, Jiangyin

innovation both inside and out:
BAU433 Zhangjing Nobel Lake Park & Network

exquisite corpse
BAU416 Genetic City Caofeidian

landscape becomes urban design becomes architecture:
BAU390 Duolan Dong Dong Mixed Use Complex

BAU386 Symbiotic City

repetition and difference:
BAU384 Kunshan Pavilions

no longer drowning – waving:
BAU339-2&3 Suzhou Creek Promenade

yet another point of view:
BAU339-1 Suzhou Creek Serpentine Park

ordinary not heroic, symbolic not monumental:
BAU318 Hangzhou Xiaoshan Government Headquarters

woven threads:
BAU234 Jiangyin Arbour Park

private precincts, public networks:
BAU226 Pudong Yangjing

creative networks:
BAU224 Chengdu Fenghuangshan

maximize commuication and cross fertilization:
BAU208 Linping New City Centre