warp and woof:
BAU460 Jingzhou Museum

Jingzhou City, Hubei Province, China







Jingzhou City, Hubei Province, China




Invited competition, 2nd place


Jingzhou Cultural Relics Bureau


Museum, storage, relic restoration, office, underground garage

woven threads

Jingzhou city in Hubei province, central China, is a unique cultural heritage city and has preserved numerous historical monuments and districts, including the city wall, which has a 2,800 year history. Jingzhou is one of the top 10 city museums in China, authorized by the National heritage bureau in 1994.

The site is within and adjacent to the ancient walls of Jingzhou City and is connected with the north and west city wall gates. The existing Jingzhou Museum is a city museum, famous for its priceless collection, special cultural features, and the landscape of the adjacent park and lake area. Local people use the park for morning exercise, local opera, picnics + BBQs.

the past versus history
English philosopher Keith Jenkins suggests that we should separate the past from history – the past being what happened – history being an educated speculation about what happened – a cultural construct. He goes onto argue that history can be problematic because it is often written by a select and similar group of people. He believes we need more histories to be written about the past, even the past we think we know well – written by people different from those already writing history. Jenkins argues that well prepared citizens from and exposed to the past will be the author’s of these other histories.

a campus of woven threads
water, planting, and pedestrians
The existing museum campus contains the basic threads that can form three clear and simple networks on the site – water, planting, and pedestrians. These networks would provide a permeable and legible series of paths linking the existing buildings with the new storage facilities and the new museum.

Each thread has been given a theme derived from the distinctive themes of the collection of the museum: lacquered wood becomes timber; jade becomes stone; and silk becomes fabric. These themes would be explored in the materials and forms of the items that make up each of these paths including planting material. These threads will provide a museum experience well beyond the confines of the museum buildings and reach out to explore the entire lake area.

Once these threads have been defined and made permeable and legible, sites for architecture emerge.

spatial texture
Spatially the existing museum campus presents as a figure of buildings within a ground of open space. In the area of the new storage buildings this spatial texture has been reversed, with the ground now being buildings with a figure of open space being carved out of the buildings. This maximises the area of the buildings and provides a more urban quality to this area of the campus.
The new museum building will blur the figure-ground presented by these opposites.

landscape and architecture
To enable the new museum precinct to fully engage with the lake and to improve and maximise the lake experience for those visiting the museum, some existing lakeshore buildings will need to be demolished. To resolve the contradiction between the need to demolish and the concept of engaging with the past, we propose that a fragment of the fabric be retained. All north-south walls of the existing buildings are to remain and form the basis of a palimpsest landscape that both retains a memory of the past and allows unobstructed visual and physical access to the lake.

The three existing temple buildings currently float like independent objects in the landscape. This proposal regroups the buildings within a clear spatial relationship by the insertion of a perimeter wall around their site. The original spatial condition is made more significant and a more powerful, meditative environment is created for the visitor.
The new visitors centre is located close to the new public entrance to the museum campus. It has been designed to be clearly visible from the main public approach without obstructing views to the lake or the new museum.

the past
Those buildings containing fragments of the past (the storage buildings) have been located to the west of the site and explore sustainable building envelopes that reinforce the new networks. They take the clear and simple form of alternating perimeter block and large floor plate typologies. These new storage buildings also screen staff car parking from the museum visitors.

In keeping with Jenkins’ argument, we propose to make this storage precinct and parts of these storage buildings accessible to the public, so that the multiplicity of things occurring in these buildings: delivery, cataloging, preservation, and storage can be viewed and appreciated.

a museum for re-thinking history

Because the proposed new museum is much larger than any available site area on the campus, the new museum sits on the lake. Like the campus design, it consists of a series of threads that are loosely woven together to form a network of interlinked themed spaces over three levels.

The first floor contains the space of engagement – a space that examples of the collection throughout the museum combine with cafes, bookshops, cinemas, tea-rooms and more. The space of engagement becomes a destination for those members of the public interested in things other than the collection. However, once drawn in by these other programs they are exposed to the quality and enrichment offered by the museum’s artifacts and encouraged to explore the other levels of the museum. The second floor contains the space of speculation – a space where the intellectual work of history takes place. The third floor contains the space of the past – a space where fragments of the past are presented without the intellectual work of history having framed them. Here the museum visitor is asked to become amateur historians and speculate about the fragments of the past on display.

This project uses the brief for a new museum building as an opportunity to reinvigorate the entire Museum precinct. The proposition maximises the economic, social and cultural forces that influence the design of the 21st Century museum.

Private Landscapes






Public Landscapes



Structures & Pavillions











Urban Design








Mixed Use









































an excessive minimalism:
BAU478-A U-Park Incubator, Shang Qing Huai, Nanjing

more Piazza Navona than Levittown
BAU618 Tianyou Experimental Primary School and Kindergarten, Suzhou

clarity and unpredictable adjacencies:
BAU119 Jinqiao Sports & Leisure Centre

landscape, urbanity, networks, the suitcase, and the paper-bag:
BAU592 Qingpu Zhaoxiang Sports Park, Supermarket + Hotel

more than a frozen moment:
BAU659 ZOOM OASIS, Linkong Perimeter Super Block

look! up in the sky!
BAU210 Shanghai Hongxuan Office Building

Made in China, no question – Invented in China, of course:
BAU588 You-Du R+D Development, Jinqiao, Shanghai

a hybrid infrastructure:
BAU679 Yuandang Bridge

large plains, small grains, and the in-between:
BAU686 Longgang Arts Centre, Shenzhen

on reflection:
BAU674 Qingpu Performing Arts Centre

Place, typologies, programs, and public life:

more than just a technopolis:
BAU206 Hangzhou Xiasha New City Centre

a second network embracing history, smalllness, and complexity:
BAU193 Chengdu West New District

a park for everyone and everyone in their park:
BAU189 Hongqiao Park

disorder – not randonmness but beyond order:
BAU182 Chengdu East Village

mosaics of teaching, networks of learning:
BAU149 Huai’an Tertiary Education District

walled cities within a walled city:
BAU147 Xi’an High-Tech Precinct CBD

co-existence without incompatibility:
BAU138 Jiangxi Xinyu Networks City

space-time conflict:
BAU544 Shanghai University Campus

clarity and unpredictable adjacencies:
BAU119 Jinqiao Sports & Leisure Centre

Journeys AND destination, not just destinations:
BAU569 Nanjing Youfu West Street Primary School

continuous loops and internal courts:
BAU603 Suzhou kindergarten no. 3

weaving and stitching:
BAU616 Jiangyin Greenway Loop (stage 1. Eastern Segment)

a constructed and cultured topography:
BAU269 Jindi Green Land Club

it takes a village to educate a child:
BAU602 Suzhou Sci-tech City Xizhu Kindergarten

city typologies, cultural traditions, contemporary theories, and spaceships:
BAU600 Shanghai Qingpu Newtown 30-class Primary School

artificial plateau:building more site:
BAU599 Shanghai Qingpu Newtown 24-Class Junior High school

it is the least we could do: minimalism in an environment of expressionism
BAU584 Hangzhou Tonglu Office Building

more Piazza Navona than Levittown
BAU618 Tianyou Experimental Primary School and Kindergarten, Suzhou

classrooms AND the in-between: teaching and learning beyond the classroom
BAU610 Taizhou School

other institutions for this new century:
BAU604 Qingpu District People’s Court

building the unfinished:
BAU003M The Victorian Pride Centre

minimal AND maximal:
BAU583 Exhibition Pavilion Gaochun, Nanjing

small in scale large in monumentality:
BAU027 Wyndham Mausoleum

multiple rooms of difference:
BAU253 Shanghai Qingpu Renheng Yunjie Entrance Garden

active cultural edges, passive natural centres:
BAU402 Shanghai Qingpu Qin Yuan Lake Park

intimate, cool, sheltered and lively:
BAU268 Xinqiao Commercial Street + Shop Housing

formal teaching and informal learning:
BAU540 Gaochun New District Kindergaten to Year Nine School

an exercise in robustness:
BAU333 Jiangyin Huifu Office Tower

effortless complexity: learning from water-town:
BAU222-2 Shanghai Qingpu Zhujiajiao Commercial

no longer but not only:
BAU213-3 Jindi Yunhu Market

actualizing the virtual:
BAU 213-2 Jindi Yunhu Sports and Activity Center

geometry, history, art, craft, iconography, and pragmatics: an exploration of intention, coding, narrative, and meaning
BAU021 Olinda Green + Public WC

there is a crack in everything, that’s how the light gets in:
BAU015 Jan Juc House, Victoria, Australia

BAU009 house in the sky

surreal adjacencies:
BAU019 Marymount Residence, Guest Accommodation, Stable + Office

mini-city of culture:
BAU590 Nanjing Pukou Haiqiao Community Service Center

keeping a low profile:
BAU 214 Suzhou Qingshan Hotel Phase I

positive space, human scale, and a blue-green net:
BAU213-1 Jindi Yunhu Housing

dis-integrated guest houses :
BAU495 Pine Pillow Retreat

don’t look at me, don’t look at me:
BAU436 Nanjing Jiangning Demonstration Kindergarten

new buildings, old topography:
BAU424 Suzhou Qingshan Hotel Phase 2

defining the perimeter, programming the centre, inhabiting them both:
BAU238 Town Plaza, Xinqiao, Jiangyin

turning outside-in:
BAU199-2 Wuxi Fudi Forte Parktown Sales Pavilion

beyond PODS, networks, and nodes:
BAU552 Chengbei Urban Design project, Nanjing

podium and bill(ding)board:
BAU547 Nanjing Yaxi Town Central Hospital

inner sanctuary, outer crust:
BAU546 Nanjing Gaochun Qiqiao Hospital

an excessive minimalism:
BAU478-A U-Park Incubator, Shang Qing Huai, Nanjing

a plane of reference:
BAU474 Nanjing Zijin Gaochun Science and Technology City

rips in the fabric by place:
BAU461 Nanjing Tangshan Tourist Resort South District

other ideas of hospital:
BAU446 Fuding Hospital

architecture AND terrain:
BAU445 Suzhou Hi-tech District Cultural Center

crust: in-between and on the edge
BAU426 Shaoxing Jianhu Keyan Tourist Resort Planning

eco urbanism:
BAU425 Chongqing Eco Valley City

BAU348 Kunshan Hyper Complex

beyond the picturesque:
BAU347 Kunshan White Pagoda Park

don’t just re-use the typology, improve it!
BAU310 Hangzhou Changbanxiang Housing

building a community not just housing:
BAU302 Shanghai Ludi Baoshan

upside down program – ‘private’ circulation becoming ‘public’ circulation:
BAU254 Shanghai Wai Gao Qiao Culture Centre

extra-large private space as public space:
BAU199 Parktown, Housing, Fudi Forte, Wuxi

BAU197 Jindi Sanlin Pavilion

BAU191 Wuhan Cuiwei Housing

urban camouflage:
BAU227 Hangzhou Sports Centre

the resort at the end of the yellow dirt road:
BAU543 Emerald Village at Soul Bay

critical regionalism and abstraction:
BAU487 Nanjing Yaxi Citta-Slow

hospital for the ill, health care for the healthy, aged care for the elderly: BAU469 Zhaoxiang Hospital

tear open the package: BAU247 Qingpu NGS Supermarket

urban sponge:
BAU324 Cixi Commercial and Culture Center

lyrical islands in pragmatic seas:
BAU530-1 Nanjing Gaochun Transport Interchange – Stage One

fractured enormity:
BAU281 Chongqing Huarun

ring roads AND peripheral parks:
BAU243 Shanghai Ring Park

simple box OR 3 points in space – you choose:
BAU204-2 Ningbo Wanda Office

many utopias:
BAU129 Xinhu Pearl City Housing Development

a close family:
BAU125 Zhejiang Power Company HQ

stretching, squeezing, bending, trimming:
BAU550 Huanglong Xigu Urban Design

BOTH networks AND objects:
BAU497 Wyndham Cove Eco Sub-urb

ethics, democracy, difference:
BAU470 Towards a Socially Sustainable Canberra

warp and woof:
BAU460 Jingzhou Museum

sustainable technologies for clean living:
BAU396 Nanjing Residential

network of learning:
BAU341 Yushanwan School

not in galleries, but a way of seeing:
BAU338 Jingqiao Ramp Restaurant

shopping sandwich:
BAU321 Jiangyin Wuxing Commercial Centre

celebrating the collective, the intimate, the sustainable, and the local:
BAU312 Suzhou School

21st century Ponte Vecchio:
BAU287 Shanghai 2010 World Expo Bridge

antidote: not another ghetto city:
BAU285 Chengdu North Central

at last …finally …some diversity:
BAU282 Jindi Sanlin Office

recycling and beyond
BAU264 Shanghai Jiashan Market

an assemblage of difference:
BAU256 Shanghai Hongqiao Performing Arts Center

streets as shelters, bars as amphitheaters, landscapes as playgrounds:
BAU235 Jinqiao Community Bars

reduce, reuse, recycle:
BAU220 Shanghai Sculpture Space

binary oppositions defining a field of operation – all we wanted was a park:
BAU122 Xiamen International Exhibition Centre

the hotel as microcosm of the city:
BAU018 Marque Hotel

…very strange:
BAU016 Penny Lane

the beautiful and the extraordinary:
BAU013 Hopetoun Bush Resort

a dynamic yet stable vehicle:
BAU510 Suzhou Tram Co. Headquarters

BAU486A Docklands Park, Yangtze River, Jiangyin

innovation both inside and out:
BAU433 Zhangjing Nobel Lake Park & Network

exquisite corpse
BAU416 Genetic City Caofeidian

landscape becomes urban design becomes architecture:
BAU390 Duolan Dong Dong Mixed Use Complex

BAU386 Symbiotic City

repetition and difference:
BAU384 Kunshan Pavilions

no longer drowning – waving:
BAU339-2&3 Suzhou Creek Promenade

yet another point of view:
BAU339-1 Suzhou Creek Serpentine Park

ordinary not heroic, symbolic not monumental:
BAU318 Hangzhou Xiaoshan Government Headquarters

woven threads:
BAU234 Jiangyin Arbour Park

private precincts, public networks:
BAU226 Pudong Yangjing

creative networks:
BAU224 Chengdu Fenghuangshan

maximize commuication and cross fertilization:
BAU208 Linping New City Centre