BAU470_堪培拉城市设计

澳大利亚,堪培拉市(澳大利亚首都特区)

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科目

规划

类型

城市设计

城市

澳大利亚,堪培拉市(澳大利亚首都特区)

时间

2011-2012

名次

公开设计竞赛

业主

澳大利亚堪培拉政府

项目

澳大利亚首都特区堪培拉的假想性城市设计

ethics, democracy, difference: towards a socially sustainable Canberra: CAPIThetical: A design ideas competition for a hypothetical Australian capital city.

We wish to test whether the unfinished economic, political, and cultural visions of the Griffin’s design for Canberra can be actualised. At the same time, we want to explore whether Canberra can move beyond its early 20th Century urban design propositions, and its late 20th Century shortcomings towards a city addressing the challenges and opportunities of the 21st Century.

Inherent in our design proposition is an increase in the population and density of Canberra caused by:
climate change: Global temperatures increase by 5 degrees and sea levels rising, flooding many of Australia’s coastal cities.
sub-urbanity: The construction of a high-speed railway line down Australia’s east coast; from Brisbane to Melbourne. Suddenly, Canberra is within a 45 minute train ride from Sydney’s downtown.
hyper-connectivity: Advances in technology particularly those in communication sees more people working from home and the reduction of needing to commute.

study area
We have focused on the area within, and that just outside the triangular area contained by the three nodes nominated by the Griffin’s as: Equity; Liberty; and Fraternity. We have called this area The Social Triangle – a place where the three relatively autonomous strands of society (economics, politics and culture) fold and un-fold.

The Social Triangle is dominated by Capital Hill, part of Lake Burley Griffin and the Parliamentary Triangle, the area between the Liberty Node and the Lake Burley Griffin and the site of Australia’s major institutions from the High Court of Australia to the National Gallery.

potential beyond and within our Social Triangle
Liberty node
We believe the Liberty node, with Romaldo Giurgola’s masterpiece on the hill, is complete. Despite a seemingly unworkable minority government at the moment, Australia’s parliamentary democratic system is not broken. However, the emphasis does need to move from the work of talk to the activity of implementation- a genuine liberal democracy.
Equity node
The Equity node has an empty negative centre and its surrounds are only partially complete. Our response to it is two-fold. Firstly, we propose a new public institution for the 21st Century – an institute that reconciles the Griffins virtual but not actualized Ethics, with the actual and somewhat tactless commercial activity. The Institute for the Development of Ethics in an Age of Self-interest (IDEAS) objectives are to stimulate research, discussion and implementation of economic, political, and cultural models based on well-informed ethical positions. This institute will redress the single-minded view of economics-as-commerce inherent in Civic, while also sitting as a constant reminder to parliament of one of the 21st Century’s major ethical issues – poverty.

Our second initiative is to create a real urbanism within the Civic area with positive public spaces (streets, plazas and gardens), active street edges, and a diversity of programs.
Fraternity node
The Fraternity node also has an empty centre. If the Liberty node contains the centre of Australian political life, and the Equity node contains an ethical economic focus then we believe culture should occupy this Fraternity node.

Our response in this area is also two-fold. Firstly, we propose the second of two new institutions of the 21st Century – an institute that reconciles the unrealised Fraternity of the Griffins, with the open space and the limited view of what constitutes culture in a democratic society. The All of Us are Stardust Institute’s (AUSI) objectives are to stimulate research, discussion, and implementation of economic, political, and cultural models based on well informed cultural concepts and theories o f difference and repetition.

Our second initiative is to provide a framework for cultural fraternity – one of inclusion of, and support for, difference. A new non-hierarchical, non-periodic geometry is used as the framework for 204 tiles (the current number of Sovereign States in the world.). Laid over these tiles is a woven network of the seven continents of the world. This exercise is not about land owned by individuals, but about territory that accommodates communities.

inside The Social Triangle
A new waterscape of equitable-economics (Community Supported Agricultural (CSA) initiatives such as organic aquaculture and fish farming collectives); cultural-fellowship (jetties and pavilions representing the seven continents’ water culture); and political-liberty (jetties, floating amphitheatres and soap boxes) now inhabits Lake Burley Griffin. Of course the Land Axis is given the respect expected of a link between the Australian War Memorial and the Australian Parliament House – a visual, physical and symbolic link between those who have died at war and those living in peace.

walkable and sustainable communities
The area to the north and adjacent to the Fraternity node contains the typical Canberra suburban cell of Campbell. We propose to turn Canberra’s car oriented suburbs into walkable, programmatically diverse, and socially sustainable suburbs via four simple networked strategies: 1.) the introduction of walkable and legible local transport areas (LTA’s); 2.) the introduction of a public transport system in the centre of each of the local transport areas; 3.) the introduction of changes to land-use zoning and urban design guidelines to encourage the development of other city programs around the perimeter and centre of each these LTAs; and finally 4.) the introduction of a continuous green network through the suburbs that links existing isolated green spaces.

Canberra’s future growth
We have also assumed, that due to one or more of our initial pre-design scenarios emerging, pressure will grow for Canberra to expand beyond its current metropolitan area in the future.

We have proposed an alternative form of urban growth – one based on the co-existence of urban, urban-rural and rural areas folded into a symbiotic co-existence. In the urban capable region of Symonston Valley, south of the Fraternity node, the first of Australia’s Symbiotic Cities has been developed.

Symbiotic City is based on the a series of meta-networks – simple bands of urban development never wider than 1.6kms, alternate and intersect with bands of rural area never narrower than 1.6kms. Symbiotic City is itself networked with the very same networks that have been pushed through the existing Canberra suburbs.

conclusion
We believe Canberra can fully realise the potential of the Griffin’s early 20th Century vision and be better prepared for the challenges and opportunities of the 21st Century.

2005–2010

上海

商业

体育

2000-2005

公共

墨尔本

住宅

简久克

城市设计

凯恩顿

办公

综合

2015

公共空间景观

医疗

南京

城市景观

文化

游乐场

苏州

酒店

教育

2014

杭州

构筑物及景观亭

江阴

无锡

规划

2013

2012

福鼎

绍兴

重庆

昆山

餐饮娱乐

办公

武汉

酒店

医疗

慈溪

宁波

眉山

堪培拉

2011

荆州

私有空间景观

成都

餐饮娱乐

文化

1990-2000

厦门

住宅

霍普顿

曹妃甸

淮安

西安

新余

体育

商业

综合

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BAU 213-2 金地云湖体育休闲中心

BAU021 Olinda 社区公共空间

BAU015 Jan Juc 住宅

BAU009 城市雕塑之空中楼阁

BAU019 Marymount 住宅、客房、马厩及办公

文化之城:
BAU590 南京海峡两岸科工园海桥社区服务中心

低调不失韵味:
BAU 214 苏州清山酒店一期

积极的开发空间网络与蓝绿网络打造宜人、宜居的住宅小区:
BAU 213-1 金地云湖住宅

BAU495 南京高淳瑶池精品酒店

BAU436 南京市江宁区示范幼儿园

远昭于山脊,近隐于群翠:
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BAU310-1 杭州长板巷住宅小区

BAU238 江阴新桥社区中心广场

BAU199-2 无锡复地公园城邦住宅售楼处

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BAU547 南京桠溪镇中心卫生院

BAU546 南京高淳漆桥中心卫生院

复杂与简约共存的建筑:
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BAU474 南京紫金(高淳)科技创业特别社区城市设计

BAU461 南京汤山旅游度假区南片区

别具特色的医院:
BAU446 福鼎市医院

BAU445 苏州高新区文化中心

BAU426 绍兴鉴湖柯岩旅游度假区

BAU425 重庆生态谷城

城中之城:
BAU348 昆山康居新城江南片区商业街

BAU347 昆山白塔公园

BAU310 杭州长板巷住宅小区

BAU302 上海绿地宝山

独特的功能布局-将封闭空间转变成公共开放空间:
BAU254 上海外高桥文化中心

BAU199 无锡复地住宅小区•公园城邦•悉尼阳光

BAU197 金地三林售楼处

BAU191 武汉翠微园住宅

BAU227_杭州瑞成体育中心

BAU213-1_金地云湖住宅

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BAU487_南京桠溪慢城

BAU469_上海青浦赵巷卫生院

BAU408_上海张江中学

BAU324_慈溪市东部文化商务区城市设计

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BAU281_重庆华润规划设计

BAU243_上海外环公园

BAU204-2_宁波万达售楼处

BAU129_新湖明珠城住宅

BAU125_浙江电力公司总部大楼

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BAU460_荆州博物馆

BAU396_南京骋望骊都住宅设计

BAU341_江阴郚山弯路学校

BAU338_金桥坡道餐厅

BAU321_江阴五星商业广场

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BAU282_金地三林售楼处

BAU264_嘉善旧工厂改造

文化与商业的交融:
BAU256_上海虹桥艺术中心

BAU235_金桥蓝天路休闲酒吧

BAU220_上海雕塑艺术中心

BAU122_厦门国际会展中心广场规划设计

BAU018_Marque酒店

BAU016_Kelleher住宅

BAU013_霍普顿 生态度假村

BAU510_苏州有轨电车公司总部

BAU486A_江阴市滨江公园

BAU433_张江诺贝尔湖绿地网络公园

BAU416_唯一之城——曹妃甸

BAU390_杭州多蓝水岸商业建筑

BAU386_杭州下沙共生城市

BAU384_昆山前进路小亭

BAU339-2&3_苏州河滨水步道

BAU339-1_苏州河-天原河滨公园

BAU318_杭州萧山政府办公楼

BAU234_江阴廊桥公园

BAU226_浦东洋泾地区中心规划设计

BAU224_成都市凤凰山

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BAU189_虹桥公园

BAU182_成都东村

BAU149_淮安大学城

BAU147_西安高新技术区CBD

BAU138_新余市高新技术经济开发区概念规划

BAU119_上海金桥碧云体育休闲中心

BAU544_上海大学宝山校区

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