BAU461 南京汤山旅游度假区南片区

中国,江苏省,南京市

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科目

规划

类型

城市规划设计

城市

中国,江苏省,南京市

时间

2011-2012

名次

邀请竞赛,第一名

业主

南京江宁规划局,南京汤山建设投资发展有限公司

项目

16万人口的新城区规划及设计,其中包括旅游度假区

rips in the fabric by place

introduction
Tangshan is within one of Nanjing’s new growth corridors, located on the northern periphery of the mega-city. It is famed for its ancient thermal springs and its mountains.

Currently, the site has pockets of urbanization emerging incoherently on a background of agricultural land, while the mountainside is under increasing pressure from hotel and luxury housing development.

escape, yes, but from what?
Cities are the most concentrated forms of what it means to live in a society. If we live on our own, on a tropical island, in a cabin hunting and gathering, we do not live in a society – although we surely be living within a collection of natural systems, some obvious, some not.

So when we say we need to get away for a while, what is it exactly that we want to escape from? For some city dwellers it may be both the good and the not-so-good of the city from which we want to escape: the challenge of living in a culture embedded in nature for long term mutual benefit AND those who are happy to exploit nature for short term gains; the excitement of cultural pluralism (high, pop, and alternative cultural opportunities) AND those that want to create hierarchies and cultural mobility and then a system of judgment; the promise of social independence (the ability be yourself) AND those who would manipulate society and nature in order to oppress those seen as different; the promise of equal opportunity for all (a city of equal opportunity not necessarily a city of equals) AND those who encourage profit for a few at the expense of an impoverished many.

For most city dwellers it is usually the negative aspects of cities we are keen to escape – exploitation of the nature, cultural hierarchies, oppression of difference, and the reward for the selfish.

fabric
BAU’s networks cities is the basis of this design proposition. networks cities provide an urban fabric that is based on a self-contained community structure that starts with Pedestrian Oriented Developments (PODs). These PODs are approximately 800m x 800m and have public transport, commercial activity, and highly desirable accommodation at the centre. Lower-cost accommodation is placed on the edge of the PODs. A spectrum from highly desirable to lower cost takes up the in-between areas. These PODs contain four neighbourhoods (approximately 400m x 400m) which themselves contain four mosaics of subculture (approximately 200m x 200m). Sites are allocated for public building locations and a fractal open space system responds to the three different levels of community structure (POD, neighbourhood, mosaic).

It has become useful to think of this fabric as being on a rubber sheet that can be stretched and squeezed horizontally and vertically to respond to existing roads, heavy rail, and water infrastructure, as well as topography. Heavy rail and large roads are located on the edge of the PODs, with smaller scale, more pedestrian friendly infrastructure placed within the PODs. In this way networks cites provide a highly contextual urban fabric.

rips in the fabric
BAU are always looking natural or cultural elements to add to or subtract from the design that will disturb the generic spaces of network cities and make them a specific sense of place, intimately related to the site.

This site is located in the foothills of the mountain range to the north-west. The project engages with a series of spurs and valleys from these foothills. The valleys usually have existing water systems in them, which often connect to an existing canal network running form the north-west to the south-east through the site.

BAU has linked these existing systems of dams, rivers and canals together in a relaxed blue-green net that is then used to rip through and disturb the networks-cities fabric.

Interestingly these rips also align with prevailing winds, which will provide the city with excellent ventilation and cool breezes in the summer.

place and heterotopia
This network-city explores living with and in nature, cultural pluralism, social independence, and equity. This may sound like a utopia, which by definition can’t exit, but BAU believe it is the basis of another type of urbanism – a heterotopia, the co-existence of many utopias.

Consequently, the blue-green net has alternating themes of active sports and passive pastoral programs. This distributes public open space over the entire site, which is accessible to everybody. The PODs have been identified and clearly articulated and explore six different ideas of escape: Mountain Ecology Zone, the largest area that sits within the spurs and valleys of the foothills, for those wanting to get back to basics; Active Health Retreat, the second largest of the retreats, linked directly to the mountains and focused on the blue-green network for those that wanting an activity and exercise; Tanshui River Community, embracing both the river and the largest existing canal on the site for those interested in experiencing a more traditional relationship with water; Traveller Town, the most tourist oriented of the escape options, for those wanting an on-the-move experience; Creative Life Community, for those interested in producing rather than consuming products; Teaching and Learning Retreat, for those interested in teaching and learning about living in harmony with nature; International Retreat, the most corporate of the retreats, well connected but slightly removed from the centre of the city, for those wanting an universal beige, bronze and mirrors escape; and, Spa and Recuperation Retreat; for those wanting a medicinal focus.

Within each POD a number of strategies are used to ensure the experience of this city is different from the contemporary city the visitors are escaping. Urban form is unified – not every-man-for-themselves; hard and soft urban open space of various sizes are evenly distributed and connected to all other open spaces – not too small, in the wrong spot, and isolated; there is a sense of playful dis-order in the architecture – not the randomness of the contemporary city; and the aesthetics of all buildings clearly explore the PODs themes – not just the outcome of a desiccated economic rationalism.

For this project networks cities ensures we have an orderly workable city without noise, congestion and pollution. PODs are generally medium density, but where the POD themes require it, high density and low density are explored intelligently and with high level of urban amenity driving every decision. For example, the International Retreat is a high-density area with the characteristic spatial texture being one of buildings as ground, with open space the figure, cut out of that urban fabric. Alternatively, Mountain Ecology Retreat is very low-density area with the characteristic spatial texture being a ground of ecologically sustainable green space, with a figure of low-density, small-scale buildings.

conclusion
Based on a sophisticated generic city model that seeks profound links to the sprit of place, Tangshan is a 21st Century heterotopia.

2000-2005

城市设计

墨尔本

住宅

凯恩顿

办公

综合

2015

体育

公共

公共空间景观

医疗

南京

城市景观

文化

游乐场

2005–2010

苏州

酒店

上海

教育

2014

杭州

构筑物及景观亭

江阴

无锡

规划

2013

商业

2012

福鼎

绍兴

重庆

昆山

餐饮娱乐

办公

武汉

酒店

医疗

慈溪

宁波

眉山

堪培拉

2011

荆州

私有空间景观

成都

餐饮娱乐

文化

1990-2000

厦门

住宅

霍普顿

曹妃甸

淮安

西安

新余

体育

商业

综合

BAU009 城市雕塑之空中楼阁

BAU019 Marymount 住宅、客房、马厩及办公

文化之城:
BAU590 南京海峡两岸科工园海桥社区服务中心

低调不失韵味:
BAU 214 苏州清山酒店一期

积极的开发空间网络与蓝绿网络打造宜人、宜居的住宅小区:
BAU 213-1 金地云湖住宅

BAU495 南京高淳瑶池精品酒店

BAU436 南京市江宁区示范幼儿园

远昭于山脊,近隐于群翠:
BAU424 苏州清山酒店二期

BAU310-1 杭州长板巷住宅小区

BAU238 江阴新桥社区中心广场

BAU199-2 无锡复地公园城邦住宅售楼处

综合了“步行城市”、“网络城市”和“城市节点”概念的城市设计:
BAU552 南京高淳城北科技新城

BAU547 南京桠溪镇中心卫生院

BAU546 南京高淳漆桥中心卫生院

复杂与简约共存的建筑:
BAU478-A 南京上秦淮U-Park孵化器

BAU474 南京紫金(高淳)科技创业特别社区城市设计

BAU461 南京汤山旅游度假区南片区

别具特色的医院:
BAU446 福鼎市医院

BAU445 苏州高新区文化中心

BAU426 绍兴鉴湖柯岩旅游度假区

BAU425 重庆生态谷城

城中之城:
BAU348 昆山康居新城江南片区商业街

BAU347 昆山白塔公园

BAU310 杭州长板巷住宅小区

BAU302 上海绿地宝山

独特的功能布局-将封闭空间转变成公共开放空间:
BAU254 上海外高桥文化中心

BAU199 无锡复地住宅小区•公园城邦•悉尼阳光

BAU197 金地三林售楼处

BAU191 武汉翠微园住宅

BAU227_杭州瑞成体育中心

BAU213-1_金地云湖住宅

BAU543_杭州严陵坞美丽乡村一期

BAU487_南京桠溪慢城

BAU469_上海青浦赵巷卫生院

BAU408_上海张江中学

BAU324_慈溪市东部文化商务区城市设计

BAU530_1_南京高淳苏皖交通枢纽

BAU281_重庆华润规划设计

BAU243_上海外环公园

BAU204-2_宁波万达售楼处

BAU129_新湖明珠城住宅

BAU125_浙江电力公司总部大楼

BAU550_四川黄龙溪谷城市规划设计

BAU497_墨尔本温德姆海湾生态城镇规划

BAU470_堪培拉城市设计

BAU460_荆州博物馆

BAU396_南京骋望骊都住宅设计

BAU341_江阴郚山弯路学校

BAU338_金桥坡道餐厅

BAU321_江阴五星商业广场

BAU312_苏州科技城高级中学

BAU287_21世纪的维琪奥桥 :上海世博会桥

BAU285_成都北区中央活力区城市设计

BAU282_金地三林售楼处

BAU264_嘉善旧工厂改造

文化与商业的交融:
BAU256_上海虹桥艺术中心

BAU235_金桥蓝天路休闲酒吧

BAU220_上海雕塑艺术中心

BAU122_厦门国际会展中心广场规划设计

BAU018_Marque酒店

BAU016_Kelleher住宅

BAU013_霍普顿 生态度假村

BAU510_苏州有轨电车公司总部

BAU486A_江阴市滨江公园

BAU433_张江诺贝尔湖绿地网络公园

BAU416_唯一之城——曹妃甸

BAU390_杭州多蓝水岸商业建筑

BAU386_杭州下沙共生城市

BAU384_昆山前进路小亭

BAU339-2&3_苏州河滨水步道

BAU339-1_苏州河-天原河滨公园

BAU318_杭州萧山政府办公楼

BAU234_江阴廊桥公园

BAU226_浦东洋泾地区中心规划设计

BAU224_成都市凤凰山

BAU208_临平新城市中心

BAU206_杭州下沙新城市中心

BAU193_成都青羊区城市设计

BAU189_虹桥公园

BAU182_成都东村

BAU149_淮安大学城

BAU147_西安高新技术区CBD

BAU138_新余市高新技术经济开发区概念规划

BAU119_上海金桥碧云体育休闲中心

BAU544_上海大学宝山校区

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