repetition and difference:
BAU384 Kunshan Pavilions

Kunshan City, Jiangsu Province, China

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Discipline

Landscape Architecture

Typology

Public infrastructure

City

Kunshan City, Jiangsu Province, China

Date

2009-2011

Status

Completed

Client

Kunshan City Construction Investment & Development Co. Ltd.

Program

Various public services + retail outlets: WC, Bank ATM, etc

Repetition and Difference: a modular pavilion system

Urban Design
Seventy pavilions, or kiosks, dispersed along west Kunshan’s newest boulevard, provide an innovative contribution to the emergence of community life in the new residential districts of the city. The pavilions not only provide services and amenities but also provide places for gathering and socializing. The design strategy seeks to create a visual identity for the boulevard within the city, and also contribute to the place making objectives of urban design.

Programs
Intended programs in the kiosks include: free bike stations; tea houses/cafes; information points, public WCs; newspaper stands; flower shops; atm kiosks; traffic attendant rest house, fruit shops, hair dresser; WIFI stations; snack shops, bus stop convenience shops and shaded playground and fitness points.

Module + Kit of Parts
To meet the low-cost, high-speed requirements of the brief, a modular construction system was developed. Each module utilises the same kit of parts. The module is a 3m tall cell of five sides with only three different wall widths. Each pavilion, large and small, utilises the kit of parts of this singular standard module. Variations in wall materials make the pavilions specific to their solar orientation and potential programs. The structure of the pavilions is concrete base, steel columns, and steel box-truss roof frame. Aluminium cladding conceals and protects the services and insulation.

Variety + Economy = Geometry
To provide flexibility and visual variety the module is based on the geometry of a pentagonal tessellation,
(A tessellation is an arrangement of shapes closely fitted together, especially of polygons in a repeated pattern without gaps or overlapping.).

Location
The sites for the kiosks are located along a 7 km stretch of Qian Jin Xie, west of the city centre. The context is predominantly high-density residential slabs with very few commercial programs facing the street. Seventy kiosk sites were nominated by the landscape architects for the street. Our team determined appropriate sizes and types of pavilions to allow maximum flexibility for likely and unknown uses of the pavilions now and in the future.

Low Carbon
The larger pavilions utilise building integrated PV cells embedded in the eaves glass to support their LED lighting and other energy requirements. Kunshan is adjacent to Shanghai with cold winters and hot humid summers, so all pavilions utilise passive solar control, have thermally efficient envelopes, and utilise natural ventilation. The modular and prefabrication strategies minimise construction waste of materials and energy. All construction components, and parts in the kit, can be re-used to create new pavilions.

2000-2005

Melbourne

Urban Design

Kyneton

Mixed Use

Office

Residential

2015

Culture

Healthcare

Nanjing

Playgrounds

Public

Public Landscapes

Sports

Urban Landscapes

2005-2010

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Suzhou

Shanghai

Education

2014

Hangzhou

Jiangyin

Structures & Pavillions

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Planning

2013

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2012

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Shaoxing

Chongqing

Hospitality

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Office

Wuhan

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Healthcare

Cixi

Ningbo

Meishan

Canberra

2011

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Private Landscapes

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Culture

1990-2000

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Xi'an

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Mixed Use

Retail

Sports

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podium and bill(ding)board:
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inner sanctuary, outer crust:
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an excessive minimalism:
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a plane of reference:
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rips in the fabric by place:
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other ideas of hospital:
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architecture AND terrain:
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crust: in-between and on the edge
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eco urbanism:
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microcosm:
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beyond the picturesque:
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building a community not just housing:
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staggering:
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positive space, human scale, and a blue-green net:
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a close family:
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ethics, democracy, difference:
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the hotel as microcosm of the city:
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palimpsest:
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exquisite corpse
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